Worldwide, annual production of all types of citrus fruit now stands at over 110 million tons, covering an area of nearly 18.7 million acres. This is over 50% more than was produced during the late 1980's and early 1990's.Around 60% of all citrus production is oranges and 23% tangerines, mandarins, clementines and satsumas. Around 13.7 million tons of lemon and limes and 4.4 million tons of grapefruit and pomelos are also produced.
Average yields are around 5.3- 6.7 t/a, but the more intensive countries have average national citrus yields of 11- 15.5 t/a and the best growers, in the most favorable regions, achieve 20 – 26 t/a. Brazil produces a quarter of the world’s citrus, 75% of which is processed for juice. China and the USA are also significant producers at 17.6 and 11 million tons respectively.
Together, Brazil and the USA account for more than 90% of the world's production of orange juice. In the Mediterranean region, around 22 million tons of citrus is produced, mainly for fresh fruit consumption. Spain, Italy, Egypt, Turkey and Greece are the leading producers.
More than 90% of the world's fresh fruit citrus production is consumed in the country of production. The Mediterranean Region is the biggest exporter of fresh fruit. The biggest importers are Germany, France, Netherlands and the UK.